Inside the Guler Ice Caves of the Gifford Pinchot National Forest

Entrance to Ice CaveThe forests that surround the volcanoes of the Pacific Northwest hide many lava tubes. In fact, due to the Federal Cave Protection Act and a human-spread bat pathogen, the NFS rangers will not disclose the location of most of these caves. Fortunately, the Guler Ice Caves are an exception, with a parking lot, restroom and stairway to the cave floor conveniently provided. Of all the lava tubes I’ve explored, these caves are, by far, the most impressive due to their intricate ice formations that last until early summer. Each year the ice melts and reforms into unique sculptures making the caves worthy of repeat visits. We arrived in June when most of the ice had melted, however we still found much to see and photograph. A signpost near the cave describes how it formed:

Ice Cave… is a lava tube which probably was formed during a pahoehoe basaltic lava flow of the late Pleistocene or Recent geologic time. The ice floor, a few ice stalagmites, and large drip masses of ice form during the winter from the freezing of dripping water. Although much seasonal melting occurs, these persist throughout the year. This phenomenon occurs because the lower eastern end of the cave acts as a trap to retain heavy cold air which has settled into the cave during the winter.

Descent into the Abyss

Apparently the caves have been known about for some time as Native Americans used them to store huckleberries and obtain fresh water. When the pioneers moved into the area to found Hood River and The Dalles, cave ice was harvested to chill drinks at the local taverns.

The cave floor is basically covered in a thin layer of ice, making it incredibly slippery and easy to sustain an injury. Knowing the risks I still decided to bring my SLR camera and a tripod in an attempt to photograph the ice formations. The technique was fairly simple in theory but difficult to execute due to the rough terrain and darkness. With patience and some frustration, we back-lit the ice with our flashlights and then set up the tripod so we could perform a long exposure at fairly low ISO. The flashlights had to be held such that they illuminated the ice by dispersion rather than creating a focused area of light that would overexpose.

Immediately after entering the cave, we were greeted by a large column of ice leading to a flooded room. This room featured impressive sculptures on the far side of its ice-cold subterranean pond. The only way to reach the scupltures was by traversing an icy ridge against the far wall. After setting up the tripod and dialing in the proper exposure I attempted to cross to the other side. My attempt was immediately met with failure as I lost my footing and submerged my left foot in ankle-deep water. Eventually I was able to utilize natural handles in the rock to pull myself across since I couldn’t find a stable foothold. Little Red Hen was impressed with my feat of athleticism but I’m just happy that my work in the gym came in handy. Once I reached the far side of the room I was able to light the sculptures so our photography session could commence.


We spent some time photographing the ice grotto and moved deeper into the cave, snapping a photo of the entrance before moving onto another set of sculptures. While this group of ice formations wasn’t adjacent to a freezing pond, it did feature some tight crawlspaces that my wife braved so that she could light them.

Ice cave entrance looking up

Moving further into the cave, the temperature rose by a few degrees and consequently there was very little ice to be found. Ice still clung to the floor and I lost my footing for the 15th time. Again, I was fortunate to have something to grab onto, but my feet slipped completely out from under me. I had both hands on adjacent rocks at the time of my fall, putting a great deal of strain on my shoulders. Perhaps it was due to the military presses and push presses I was doing the day before, but my shoulders are still sore from this fall. The exit to the cave came into view and we used a long exposure in conjunction with flashlights to paint the room leading to the exit. A single, lonely stalagmite clung to the rocks here, one last vestige of the frigid wonderland as the days of June press on.

Ice at the exit


What to Bring

Left the caveBased on our visit to the Ape Caves, I compiled a list of helpful stuff to gather before heading out on a spelunking expedition. Given our experience in this cave I’m going to recommend the following additions:

  • Flashlights: Make sure you have something fairly powerful with an output of 200 lumens or greater. It doesn’t hurt to have a primary and backup flashlight since the caves are pitch black. A powerful flashlight will help you to see the features of the caves better and make the ice sculptures glow. I used a Surefire P2X Fury and my wife used a Surefire 6PX Pro. Both of these lights are very compact and provide a powerful beam. Both flashlights have a lanyard which proved incredibly useful for the many times when we needed both hands to navigate rough terrain.
  • In order for ice formations to remain, the ambient temperature must be less than 32 degrees F. This is cold, so bring warm clothing (including a hat and snow gloves). If you intend to walk through the ice cave to the exit, wear waterproof boots with excellent tread. I have a pair of Danner hunting boots that kept my feet dry after they broke through a layer of thin ice hiding ankle deep water.
  • This cave is very short, so you won’t need to take food or water. Do consider taking a camera though since the ice formations are amazing and worthy of being photographed.
  • A hard hat is not necessary but recommended. The ceiling of this cave is very low in some spot and it wouldn’t be difficult to hit your head while trying to navigate the slippery floor.

Don’t Miss the Natural Bridges

Three bridgesLess than a mile away from the entrance to the ice caves are a series of natural bridges formed when most of the lava tube collapsed except for a few strong spots. The bridges are only a short walk from a small parking area and include several hiking trails that you can use to thoroughly explore the area. From the Guler Ice Caves parking lot, head north back to NF-24 and turn left, heading west. Take your first left onto NF-041 and then your first right. The location is marked with signs, so it should be hard to miss. We were running a bit late when we arrived, so we ran from our car to the bridges and snapped a few photos before heading home. I’m planning to return to this area so I can explore it in more depth.

Natural bridges


  1. Thank you so much for the detailed information and gorgeous photo’s. We are planning to drive up to the Ice Cave’s tomorrow.

    I appreciate your writing this blog about your experience.

    • Thanks. I’m glad you enjoyed the photos. The Ice Cave, Cheese Cave and Natural Bridges are all very close to each other so try to see all three if you have the time. There is a forest fire burning about 8 miles north of Trout Lake. The area might be full of smoke, but you should still be able to reach all three places. See this link for more on the fire.

  2. Hello! I came across your site while searching for information on things to do in Skamania County, WA. I was very impressed with your photos and narrative on the Guler Ice Caves and shared it to my fb page. Take a look at my daily ‘365 things to do in Scenic WA’ page here:
    I have bookmarked your page and will probably refer to it often for ideas on outdoor adventures in the Pacific Northwest.
    Thank you!

    • I’m glad you enjoyed my post. I would also recommend the Ape Cave and the Trout Lake Cheese Cave.

      Your FB page is a great resource. In fact. I just read about the fossil hunting site. I’ll be checking that out when the weather improves. I disagree with #310 though. Dog Mountain is evil! My wife and I hiked it a few years ago when the flowers were in bloom. I ended up with severe dehydration and a parking ticket and she broke her foot. That’s one hike where you don’t want to skimp on the water.

  3. Very cool post and great photos. We will be in the area in July, so won’t get to see the great formations, but enjoyed your photos. I have done a bit of cave photography and it is not easy! Cheers

  4. Thank you for all your information. I was just searching the web for things to do in Oregon. Saw your pics and was amazed. So beautiful! What time of year would you recommend going here? We are from Portland and don’t wanna drive ghru snow. So would next May or June work? Or is the ice fairly melted by then? Again, thank you for all the info and pics.

    • Hi Tina. I checked the metadata from the photos above. They were taken on June 18, 2012 – so you can wait at least until then when the snow is mostly gone and the cave is easy to access. I’m sure it would be the same way in May. I remember going in the winter (January) and hiking in the snow to reach the cave. The ice formations were disappointing probably because the temperature kept the snow and ice on the surface. If you go, make sure not the miss the other sections of the cave a short walk to the west from the main entrance. There are no ice formations in these sections but they’re still worthwhile to explore. Have fun!

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